FLADBURY CHURCH Worcestershire
Fladbury is a village halfway between Evesham and Pershore, just south of the A44.
(grid reference SO996463 - postcode WR10 2QB)

The 'Mortimer' interest in the church centres on a window with 14th century glass showing six coats of arms. These are all clearly related to the Battle of Evesham 1265. It is said that the glass was transferred from Evesham Abbey following the dissolution.

The Battle of Evesham was the most decisive event during the Second Barons' War that raged intermittently between 1264 and 1267. Dissatisfaction among his barons with the rule of King Henry III had been mounting for a variety of reasons. Things came to a head in 1264 when a large group of barons rebelled under the leadership of the Frenchman, Simon de Montfort (Earl of Leicester). The rebels saw early success at the Battle of Lewes in May 1264, capturing both the king and his son, prince Edward. This marked the start of Simon de Montfort's short reign as 'uncrowned King of England'.

Roger Mortimer of Wigmore (d1282) was loyal to the crown throughout the war. He was captured at Lewes but was allowed to return home to help secure the Marches against the Welsh. This proved a costly mistake as he was able to continue working against the rebels. His lands at Wigmore had been attacked and wasted by Simon de Montfort, so there was no love lost between the two men. In May 1265, Roger was instrumental in securing the escape of prince Edward from custody.

In August 1265 Roger Mortimer fought alongside prince Edward (later King Edward I) at Evesham. The battle developed into a rout with severe casualties among the rebels but few among the loyalists. It is said that Roger Mortimer personally slew Simon de Montfort and sent his head to his wife at Wigmore as a trophy.

Of the six people whose armorial bearings are recorded here, two were on the king's side and four were for the rebels. At least four of them were definitely involved in the battle, one on the king's side (Roger Mortimer) and three against the king (including Simon de Montfort). The three rebels who are known for certain to have been in the battle were all killed.

For details of the six shields - see below.



Roger Mortimer of Wigmore (d1282)
Fought alongside Prince Edward
Said to have personally slain Simon de Montfort


Ralph Boteler (d1281)
There is no evidence of his involvement
in the battle but, in recognition of his loyalty,
Henry III awarded him significant estates
confiscated from the rebel families.


Simon de Montfort (d1265)
Said to have been slain by Roger Mortimer

Peter (Piers) de Montfort of Beaudesert
(c1205 - 1265)
A strong supporter of Simon de Montfort
though not a close relation.
First 'Speaker' of the House of Commons

John de Bosco (de Boys, de Bois)?? 
(Born 1228 - date of death unknown)

If he was alive in 1265, John would have been about 37 and, though nothing is known for certain about his death, he is a prime candidate for this window. John was from a family that strongly supported the barons against the king. His father Ernald de Bosco III (1190-1255) had his lands temporarily confiscated by King John in 1216. His older brother Ernald IV de Bosco (1221-1277) would almost certainly have been at Evesham, but he had been ill for three years so was not implicated. His sister Joan de Bosco was married to the rebel Sir Thomas Astley who was killed at Evesham.

Source: George F Farnham; 'The Descent of the Manor of Claybrooke, Leicestershire' in the Transactions of the Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society Vol.12 Part 2 1921-2

Hugh le Despencer (1197-1265)
Father and grandfather of the two hated
Hugh Despencers of the time of Edward II